SZPILKI - POLISH MAGAZINE
Polish illustrated satirical magazine "Szpilki" (English: "Pins") was founded by Zbigniew Mitzner, Erik Lipiński, and Zenon Wasilewski in 1935. The ideological profile of the periodical was left-wing, anti-fascist, strongly in opposition to Hitlerism. It warned in numerous texts and drawings about the threat of the war outbreak. The period of World War II was marked by tragedies, many people who contributed to the magazine did not escape the concentration camps, the ghetto, and death.
The first issue of "Szpilki", relaunched after the war, was published on 1 March 1945. It actively participated in all matters concerning the state, remaining its satirical character. Many young talented creators joined the team, with brilliant artists debuting in each year's issue. Over the time, "Szpilki" reached the circulation of 100,000 copies and gained popularity abroad. Cartoonists of "Szpilki" won numerous awards at international festivals, and their drawings were reprinted by the world press. Many of them went down in the history of satire. Foreign texts and drawings were also reprinted in the magazine – on average, 10-12 foreign drawings accounted for 16-20 Polish caricatures. Satirical art, dating back to the 20th century, was humorous and lighthearted. Drawings by the representatives of the new generation were more serious. They did not emulate the humorous profile and referred to the conventions of youth magazines at the turn of the 1960s and 1970s. Each of these graphic artists developed their own style. The artists approached reality seriously and in a concrete manner.
The editorial office of "Szpilki'' awarded ''Golden",''Silver", and ''Brown Pins'' annual prizes for the best drawings of the year in two categories: satirical drawing and socio-cultural drawing, choosing from all reproduced works in the contemporary press. Therefore, the awards were nationwide and not limited only to members of the Association of Polish Artists and Designers. The jury, in addition to the Szpilki's editor-in-chief, included artists such as Hanna Bakuła, Andrzej Barecki, Julian Bohdanowicz, Maria Byskiniewicz, Mariusz Chwedczuk, Władysław Daszewski, Karol Ferster, Szymon Kobyliński, Aleksander Kobzdej, Zbigniew Lengren, Eryk Lipiński, Julian Studnicki, Waldemar Świerży. The annual "Pins'' awards became a tradition, and the winners highly appreciated the distinction.
Andrzej Czeczot made his debut in "Szpilki" weekly in 1956. He collaborated with the magazine for many years. The artist made publications in national and foreign journals such as "Polityka", "Polska", "Ty i Ja", "Świat", "Problems", "Literatura", "Pardon" (Germany), "Harakiri" (France), "The New Yorker" (USA). He was famous for his satirical drawings published, among others, in "Polityka" magazine and in the foreign press. Czeczot is considered one of the most important authors of press illustration. He was also a painter, book, poster, and stage designer, as well as the author of animated films.
Lipiński's official drawing debut took place in "Pobudka" weekly in 1928. From 1934, he worked for "Tygodnik Robotnika" weekly, in which he was occasionally in charge of the satire column. The satire column marked the beginnings of "Szpilki", which Lipiński established together with Zbigniew Mitzner in 1935. In "Szpilki", Lipiński held the position of the editor-in-chief in the years 1935-1937 and 1946-1953. He was a caricaturist, satirist, journalist, author of posters and illustrations for books, humorous texts and columns, as well as books on the history of caricature and satirical drawing. In 1978, the artist founded the Museum of Caricature in Warsaw.
Anna Gosławska-Lipińska published her debut illustration in "Szpilki" in 1936, signing the work with her artistic pseudonym Ha-Ga.
In August 1977, a special issue of "Szpilki" was published. It was devoted to Maja Berezowska, a great female drafter. The issue featured many of her drawings, as well as works by other caricaturists made especially for the artist. Columns and poems were also created on this occasion.
Andrzej Dudziński's imagination had its roots in surrealism, it manifested itself in a grotesque rescaling of forms, the absurdity of mixing the worlds of people, animals, and objects, combining the techniques of collage, drawing, painting in unconventional ways, as well as intuitive and arbitrary use of color.
Jerzy Flisak, nowadays associated mainly with satirical drawings, was one of the most prominent authors of Polish posters and illustrations. His skills allowed him to capture the most important features of his models by making just a few brush strokes. Expressive faces depicted in his drawings reflected both physical and emotional features. The artist was a brilliant observer, sensitive to facial expressions and gestures of the depicted people.
Edward Lutczyn's illustrations appeared in "Szpilki" for the first time in 1971. In the same year, he published his works in "Student" and "Echo Krakowa" biweekly magazines. He was known for his satirical drawings, caricatures, and illustrations, as well as posters dedicated both for children and adults. The artist illustrated over 130 books, his works were exhibited in Poland and abroad. Lutczyn won gold, silver, and brown "Pins" awards multiple times.
Jerzy Zaruba was one of the most outstanding Polish caricaturists. His humorous, witty, and often ironing drawings are believed to be one of the best in Polish caricature art. For many years, Zaruba created amazing puppets for political nativity scenes. He published numerous drawings on socio-cultural topics in "Wiadomości Literackie" magazine. Zaruba was also a specialist in making caricatures on Warsaw's everyday life, which were excellently chronicled by the artist. In his caricatures, he commemorated the times of Polish partitions, the interwar period, World War II, as well as later decades. Zaruba published his first caricatures in "Marchołt" magazine in 1911.