July 20, 2022

The extraordinary polish posters

The creation of The Polish School of Posters is dated between the late 1940' and the early 1950'. It ceased to exist during the late 1960'. The works created in the 70s and 80s were a continuation of the movement. At the beggining, poster was perceived as a form of the applied arts, however, after the war it emerged as a work of art, of a value similar to painting.  Posters started being more creative, their composition was less strict which helped to see them as highly expressive.

 

The generation of artists who studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw during the 50s, had an opportunity to create while the art movement started. At these times two poster studios were run, one by Tomaszewski and the other one by Mroszczak. The agenda was to develop an idea rather than a recipe of how the works of art should be created. The form of a poster was given an artistic freedom with an individual approach.

 

The creation of the first Poster Museum in the world is a result of numerous factors such as the worldwide fame of the Polish School of Posters, which was seen as distinct because the Poles created their unique method of creating posters. This creative process became a national asset. This is the reason for creating the national Poster Biennale, initially in Katowice, and later in the Zachęta National Gallery of Art, which was the biggest merge of artistic environments and schools on a global scale. 

 

The later plans involved creation of an organization managing the posters' archives. In 1968, after the second edition of the Biennale, the Poster Museum was created. Its collection involved both Polish and foreign posters shown during the contest. Thanks to it, the archives have an incomparable collection. 

 

The distinction of Polish Poster was noticed even before the creation of the Polish School of Posters. The group was non-extistent at that time, and it was due to a caleidoscope of great personalities who were not joint by any formal declaration nor a manifesto. The huge competition between the artists, raised the level of work.  Each of the artists had their own individual style, while observing the works of others. The final pieces had their actual encounter in the public spaces, on the columns or pillars, where they were hung. The phenomenon overlapped with the growth in popularity of the american popart. Apparently, Andy Warhol became one of the finalists of the Polish Poster Biennale. The event was very popular and the works that were exhibited proved not only artistic value but also stood for political and social awareness. Those posters can be described as a visual and sociological diagnosis of the condition of civilization. Until today, the Polish creators attract audience, due to the legend of the Polish School of Posters.

 

The most wanted poster sold on the auction was created for the debute short movie of Roman Polanski. The movie is a psychological thriller and also Polanski's only movie filmed in polish. Highly rated movie "Knife in the Water" was director's final year work for the prestigueous Lodz Film School. The movie was shown during the New York Film Festival which most probably makes it the best student work ever to be produced. The poster for the "Knife in the Water" is extremely rare which makes it wanted. The author is one of the creators of the Polish School of Posters - Jan Lenica, in 1962.