July 16, 2021

Wincenty Potacki's porcelain services

Lata 50. i 60. XX w. zostały zdominowane w polskim wzornictwie przez nurt organiczny. Styl ten określany jako "New Look" wprowadzał kształty o miękkiej linii, asymetrię i abstrakcyjne dekoracje w czystych, dynamicznych barwach. 

"When it comes to Polish ceramics from the New Look period, we see a clear distinctiveness of Polish products and their specific originality. They were not simple duplications of Western patterns, but rather individual creations. From the formal point of view, it was an attempt to create objects that were simple in shape and functional, but at the same time often surprising for the recipient, for example, due to the asymmetry of their forms and interesting, abstract decorations, from graphics to painting (...)" (Asymetria formy i abstrakcyjne dekoracje. Interview with Barbara Banaś, www.elle.pl). The "Krokus" and "Goplana" coffee sets are examples that perfectly reflect these new trends in ceramic tableware. They were designed by Wincenty Potacki for the Porcelain Tableware Manufacture in Ćmielów in 1960.

 

Both services were presented at the 30th International Fair in Poznań in November 1960. They were distinguished by their tall, slender, cylindrical forms. "Krokus" and "Goplana" were one of the most popular coffee sets produced in Ćmielów of that decade. Nowadays, they are referred to as the classics of Polish design.

Wincenty Potacki was born in Warsaw on 22 January 1904. He studied at the local Municipal School of Decorative Arts and Painting. Later, he continued his education under Jan Szczepkowski at the Faculty of Sculpture of the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw. He exhibited his works at the Zachęta Gallery and the Institute for Art Propaganda. The artist started cooperating with the porcelain factory in Ćmielów in 1935. He created designs of coffee and tea sets, vases, and many other utility items. Before the outbreak of World War II, the artist also worked in the porcelain factory in Chodzież.

 

After the war, he started co-operation with the "Wałbrzych" Porcelain Tableware Manufacture in Wałbrzych and "Karolina" in Jaworzyna Śląska. In 1950-55 Potacki worked as a teacher at the College of Ceramic Technology in Bolków. Wincenty Potacki was the author of several dozen service patterns, which perfectly exemplify the timeless beauty of utility porcelain.